When Do You Ovulate – Signs and symptoms of Ovulation

When Do You Ovulate – What Is Ovulation?

First, to know when do you ovulate, it is necessary to understand how the female reproductive system basically works. The female reproductive system follows a monthly cycle known as the ovulation cycle. Normally this cycle takes about 28 days from beginning to end, but it can vary widely from woman to woman and even in the same woman at different stages of growth.

Teens can have monthly cycles that last nearly two months and become shorter as they grow older. The monthly cycle can grow longer or shorter as a woman enters the premenopausal phase and then becomes longer and finally stops during menopause.

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The normal menstrual cycle consists of three phases. This cycle starts at the first day of a woman’s menstruation, and ends on the first day of the next menstruation. This is why a pregnancy is measured from the first day of your period, and not the date of conception. The three phases of this cycle are called the menstrual period, the follicular phase and the luteal or premenstrual phase.

When Do You Ovulate – The Menstrual Period

On the first day of your cycle the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, sheds from the uterus in the form of menstrual bleeding. Most of the blood loss occurs during the first three days, but on average, menstruation lasts from four to seven days.

During the first three days, cramping often occurs as the uterus contracts to help shed this lining completely. As the period progresses, the premenstrual symptoms that occurred during the last part of the previous cycle, such as sore breasts and irritability, begin to fade and are usually gone by the third day.

When Do You Ovulate – The Follicular Phase

This is the phase where the uterus begins preparing its lining for a new pregnancy. An egg, usually one but sometimes more than one, is matured inside of the ovary in preparation for release and fertilization.

The length of this phase varies for all women and is the major determining factor for how long a woman’s menstrual cycle will be. A woman is most likely to get pregnant if she has sex without birth control during the last five days of the follicular phase and day one of the next phase, called the luteal phase, which is her ovulation day.

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When Do You Ovulate – The Luteal Phase

Ovulation day is day one of the luteal phase. This day is the last day of the six day long fertility window of a normal monthly cycle. The mature egg is released by the ovaries into the fallopian tube, where an egg will usually be fertilized if sperm are present.

Once the egg is fertilized, it will continue its journey through the fallopian tube to enter the uterus and implant in the fully prepared endometrium. If this process is successful, the pregnancy will truly be underway.

Following this final 24 hours of the fertility window, if the egg is not fertilized by a sperm or fails to implant, the endometrium will begin to break down and the uterus will prepare to shed its lining for a new cycle.

Ovulation can only occur once in a month. This means that a woman cannot get pregnant at one point of the cycle and then conceive with a second egg a few days later. This 24 hours after ovulation is the only day of the month that a viable sperm can actually meet and fertilize a viable egg.

 

Most of the time, only one egg is release at the moment of ovulation. Rarely, two or even more eggs are released from one ovary or both at the same time. If these eggs are all fertilized, then fraternal twins, or even triplets may occur.

When Do You Ovulate – What Are the Signs of Ovulation?

Despite these inconsistencies, some women are able to very accurately judge the phases of their cycle using helpful tools and careful monitoring of their body.

While these methods are not one hundred percent accurate, they can be very informative when trying to conceive. Ovulation does cause certain signs and changes in most women that can be followed with careful observation. Some of the signs of ovulation are:

  •  Changes In Texture Of Cervical Mucus

Many women find that their cervical mucus looks and feels different around the time of ovulation. It thickens and becomes stretchy to provide the best environment for the man’s sperm. You may notice this difference on underwear or when touching the area.

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Changes in mucus are often the first sign of approaching ovulation, so if you are trying to get pregnant it is a       good idea to observe this change in your body and act on the signals that it gives you.

  • Increased body temperature

signs of ovulation

At or just after ovulation, a woman’s body temperature will rise slightly. A typical temperature rise would be 1 degree Celsius, but it could be just half of a degree.

This is not something that you can feel by placing your hand on your forehead. You would need to have a   thermometer. It’s important to take your temperature at the same time every day and to write it down on a chart, so that you can clearly see what is happening. The best time to take it is as soon as you wake up, before getting out of bed.

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Of course, any kind of illness can affect your temperature too. If you have a fever your temperature records will not be useful for ovulation.

  • Increased sex drive
  • Tender Breasts
  • Bloating in the abdomen
  • Slight pain or ache in one side of their lower abdomen in the area of the ovaries
  • A small amount of spotting

 

When Do You Ovulate  -Is it Possible to Know Exactly When You Ovulate?

Most women know when they are about to menstruate once their period is well established and especially if their monthly cycle is regular.

Ovulation can be a little trickier to predict however. Many women follow a calendar to predict when their egg will be released, but variations can and do happen.

There are tests available to predict ovulation as well. First, we will explore how the ovulation calendar works.

When Do You Ovulate – The Ovulation Calendar

This is a simple tool that helps women predict their ovulation based on when their menstruation occurs.

The average time between ovulation and the onset of menstruation is 14 days. This is only average however, and very wide variations occur. This period of time between the beginning of one period and the next is tracked every month.

Knowing that the first day of menstruation begins 12 to 16 days following ovulation, a woman can calculate the average length of her cycle and then predict the day she will ovulate based on the starting day of the last cycle.

The method only helps if a woman has a fairly regular pattern of menstruation and can track it for several months. After getting a very thorough understanding of her individual cycle length, a woman can have a good estimation of when the window of opportunity is to get pregnant, or her fertile window.

The calendar method is absolutely not recommended for preventing pregnancy however, as unpredictable variations can occur even with very regular menstrual cycles.

When Do You Ovulate – Ovulation Predictor

Sometimes women use an ovulation predictor kit or ovulation test to measure the level of luteinizing hormone in the body.

This hormone increases just before ovulation, and can accurately predict ovulation in most healthy women.

These test kits do not guarantee ovulation will occur though, because other conditions are known to raise levels of luteinizing hormone. For instance polycystic ovarian syndrome, perimenopause and premature ovarian failure can all cause ovulation predictors to show false positive results. Therefore, the best method to predict ovulation as accurately as possible should involve both the calendar, a test and careful observation of your individual physical signs of ovulation.

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